What is Facial Seborrheic Dermatitis
Facial seborrheic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin condition. One of the main culprits appears to be a specific fungus. More importantly, it’s normally present on everyone’s skin, however those suffering from this condition are unable to adequately keep the fungus in check. For this reason, seborrheic prone skin, as a result of this recurring manifestation, exhibits many tell-tale signs. Not surprisingly facial seborrheic dermatitis is quite common. The fungus exacerbates by multiplying as favorable conditions on the skin allow for constant reproduction to occur.
Who is Vulnerable to Facial Seborrheic Dermatitis
A small fraction of the population suffers from facial seborrheic dermatitis. The most likely to have problems with seborrheic dermatitis on the face are newborns, teens, females and males of all ages. Additionally, individuals with HIV and people that are genetically predisposed are more likely to suffer from seborrheic dermatitis. Interestingly, it’s not known why, but males are usually susceptible in developing seborrheic dermatitis than their female counterpart. There’s many contributing factors that lead to facial dermatitis on the skin. I will delve deeper on this topic as well as point out treatment options. Henceforth there’s many factors you should know when dealing with seborrheic dermatitis on the face.
Causes for Seborrheic Dermatitis on the Face
Here’s a list of potential causes of facial seborrheic dermatitis. These aren’t only limited to the face.
- Immunity issues
- Gradual thinning of skin
- Questionable habits
- Endocrine issues
- Excessive sebum/oil on skin
- Bad diet
- Lack of nutrients/vitamins
Most noteworthy seborrheic dermatitis in some cases is linked to certain gastrointestinal disorders. Long term use of antibiotics destroys healthy gut flora and this can lead to multiplication of unhealthy bacteria. The harmful byproducts these bacteria release can directly influence many symptoms on the face as well as other parts of the body.
Seborrheic Symptoms on the Face
Seborrheic dermatitis can typically be identified by the following:
- Moderate to severe itching accompanied by redness
- Burning feeling and peeling of the skin
- Increase in skin sensitivity
- Appearance of yellow and white scales on the skin
- Problematic regions affecting face, cheeks, forehead, eyebrows, nasolabial and behind the ears
Not all seborrhea is the same. The different types can be differentiated by the following:
- Seborrheic dermatitis associated with oiliness is one of the most common types. Those with seborrheic dermatitis on the face constantly battle with extremely oily skin. The sebaceous glands will produce excess sebum. This overproduction causes an oily sheen which in turn leads to fungus. As it multiplies it leads to a constant but vicious cycle of symptoms.
- Seborrheic dermatitis affected by dryness. In this case the skin is noticeably dry which produces cracks. Less moisture from the skin and the reduction of sebum output plays a significant role here. Most of all infants seem more prone to this type of seborrheic dermatitis.
- Oily & Dry seborrhea is a mix of oily and dry skin at the same time. It’s very likely to find this type of seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp and face.
You won’t see signs of seborrheic dermatitis on the face immediately because it’s a more gradual process. It’s important to identify likely symptoms beforehand to avoid developing erythroderma. Yet people often confuse seborrheic dermatitis with other skin conditions like psoriasis, rosacea and atopic dermatitis. If you exhibit any signs that points towards seborrheic dermatitis, it’s prudent to make an appointment to see your local dermatologist. A proper diagnosis will be made. It’s important to take the necessary prescriptions given to properly tackle seborrheic dermatitis on the face and other regions of the body. As a result, some women may need to see a gynecologist. Appointments to see a neurologist, endocrinologist and gastroenterologist are not out of the question.
Ways to Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis on the Face
There’re many ways to go about treating this skin condition. A proper diagnosis is important to identify facial seborrhea. The dermatologist will correctly identify and suggest methods to help in treating the underlying causes of dermatitis.
Dermatologist recommendations and treatment methods:
What are possible treatment options which a dermatologist might suggest?
- Healthy diet. Foods to avoid include spicy, overly salty, starchy, greasy, junk food.
- Topical steroids. These often come in a gel or cream based solution. Corticosteroids temporarily help redness and alleviate itching. The side effects from these steroids creams are problematic since they cause negative long term side effects. Examples like reddening of the skin, skin thinning and enlarged blood vessels just to name a few. Take extra precaution with these drugs and long term use is not the right course of action.
- Zinc ointments, creams and solutions specifically targeted for facial seborrheic dermatitis. Zinc is very effective in decreasing oil while reducing redness. It provides a strong antifungal effect.
- Salicylic acid is used for many skin ailments and it’s particularly effective against seborrheic dermatitis. It prevents skin cells from amassing and sloughs away skin flakes. Salicylic acid can be found in many creams, shampoos and facial cleansers.
- Oral capsules. For a more efficient way to treat this condition combating it from the inside can prove effective.
- Vitamins and minerals. Health and immunity is vital in order to keep the body in tip top shape. There’s many essential vitamins that are important for the skin. This in turn has a positive effect in keeping seborrheic dermatitis at bay.
Seborrheic dermatitis treatment isn’t a quick fix. Depending on the severity, it can take some time before you’re able to keep it under control. While treatment options usually begin with the least potent alternatives sometimes more aggressive methods are needed. This is based on the severity of one’s seborrheic dermatitis.
It’s crucial to understand facial seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic and incurable condition due to there being no cure. Therefore, this doesn’t mean it cannot be kept under control with selective treatment options. In addition, taking all the proper measures to keep this disease from worsening is extremely important. Hence a constant daily skin cleansing regimen is a must.
Natural Treatment Options for Facial Seborrheic Dermatitis
First of all, it’s difficult to treat seborrheic dermatitis on the face with only natural remedies. On the other hand, natural treatments are great at healing, alleviating itching and easing the sensation of skin burning.
A popular oil to combat seborrheic dermatitis is tea tree because of the anti-inflammatory effects shown on the skin. Whether tree tea oil is used fully concentrated or diluted, it is a powerful oil. Be careful because it can easily burn the skin. For instance, a good method is to mix tea tree oil with a base oil to provide a greater effect. As an example, mix a couple drops of tea tree oil with a tablespoon of base oil. Apply this to problematic areas of the skin 1-2 times a day, preferably in the morning and at night.
Finally, herbal concoctions of chamomile, sage and calendula are viable options as these herbs have powerful anti-inflammatory properties. A tablespoon of the herbs boiled in glass and then left to cool makes a soothing tonic. Dip a microfiber cloth and let the cloth soak on the face. Doing so will help with your seborrheic dermatitis due to the anti inflammatory properties of the herbal remedies. Other natural remedy alternatives include cucumber mixture with water, honey mask and lemon juice. In conclusion, these are all helpful in counteracting the itching associated with this condition. A 1:1 ratio is a common mixture to use.
Preventing Seborrheic Dermatitis on the Face
Simple preventative measures to avoid recurrence of facial seborrheic dermatitis symptoms:
- Stay outside in the fresh air and away from pollution
- When vacationing swim in the beneficial ocean (salt)
- Get enough sleep around 8 hours a day
- Reduce stress as minimally as possible
- Eat healthy and avoid triggers like alcohol, spicy and unhealthy foods
- Take gentle care of your skin by keeping a routine washing regimen. Don’t use harsh cleansers or skincare products. Find products suitable for your skin type.